茶叶外贸基础英语

制茶
tea bush 茶树
tea harvesting 采青
tea leaves 茶青
withering 萎凋
sun withering 日光萎凋
indoor withering 室内萎凋
setting 静置
tossing 搅拌(浪青)
fermentation 发酵
oxidation 氧化
fixation 杀青
steaming 蒸青
stir fixation 炒青
baking 烘青
sunning 晒青
rolling 揉捻
light rolling 轻揉
heavy rolling 重揉
cloth rolling 布揉
drying 干燥
pan firing 炒干
baking 烘干
sunning 晒干
piling 渥堆
refining 精制
screening 筛分
cutting 剪切
de-stemming 把梗
shaping 整形
winnowing 风选
blending 拼配
compressing 紧压
re-drying覆火
aging 陈放
roasting 焙火
scenting 熏花
spicing调味
tea beverage 茶饮料
vacuum packaging 真空包装
nitrogen packs 充氮包装
shredded-tea bag 碎形小袋茶
leave-tea bag 原片小袋茶
otte 生茶
Half-baked 半熟
Well-done 熟茶
Shelf Life 保质期
Effect 功效
health tea保健茶
slimming tea减肥茶
organic tea有机茶
Form Style 形态类别
Compressed tea 紧压茶砖
Brick tea 茶砖
Loose tea 散茶
Gift packing 礼品包装
Vacuum pack 真空包装
Mason jar 玻璃杯

分类
According to the degree of fermentation, rolling, baking and tea leaf maturity. 根据制造时发酵,揉捻焙火与采摘时原料成熟度来分类。 non-fermented 不发酵茶,即绿茶
steamed green tea 蒸青绿茶
powered green tea 粉末绿茶
silver needle green tea 银针绿茶
lightly rubbed green tea 原形绿茶
curled green tea 松卷绿茶
sword shaped green tea 剑片绿茶
twisted green tea 条形绿茶
pearled green tea 圆珠绿茶

post –fermented 后发酵茶即普洱茶
age-puer 陈放普洱
pile-fermented puer 渥堆普洱

partially fermented 部分发酵茶,半发酵茶,即乌龙茶
white oolong 白茶乌龙
twisted oolong 条形乌龙
pelleted oolong 球形乌龙
roasted oolong 熟火乌龙
white tipped oolong 白毫乌龙

complete fermentation 全发酵茶,即红茶
unshredded black tea 功夫红茶
shredded black tea 碎形红茶

常见茶名
White tipped oolong 白毫乌龙
Wuyi rock 武夷岩茶
green blade 煎茶
Yellow Mountain fuzz tip 黄山毛峰
dragon well 龙井
green spiral 碧螺春
gunpower 珠茶
age cake puer 青沱
pile cake puer 青饼
Jun Mountain silver needle 君山银针
white tip silver needle 银针白毫
white peony 白牡丹
long brow 寿眉
jade dew 玉露
robe tea 大红袍
cassia tea 肉桂
narcissus 水仙
finger citron 佛手茶
iron mercy goddess 铁观音
osmanthus oolong 桂花乌龙
ginseng oolong 人参乌龙茶
jasmine tea 茉莉花茶
rose bulb 玫瑰绣球
Gongfu black 功夫红茶
smoke black 烟熏红茶
roast oolong 熟火乌龙
light oolong 清茶(包种茶)
Anji white leaf 安吉白茶
Liu’ an leaf 六安瓜片
fenghuang unique bush 凤凰单丛
tea powder 茶粉
fine powder tea 抹茶

茶具名称
tea pot 茶壶
tea pad 壶垫
tea plate 茶船
tea pitcher 茶盅
lid saucer 盖置
tea serving tray 奉茶盘
tea cup 茶杯
cup saucer 杯托
tea towel tray 茶巾盘
tea holder 茶荷
tea towel 茶巾
tea brush 茶拂
timer 定时器
water heater 煮水器
water kettle 水壶
heating base 煮水器底坐
tea cart 茶车
seat cushion 座垫
cup cover 杯套
packing wrap 包壶巾
tea ware bag 茶具袋
ground pad 地衣
tea ware tray 茶托
strainer cup 同心杯
personal tea set 个人品茗组(茶具)
tea basin 水盂
brewing vessel 冲泡盅
covered bowl 盖碗
tea spoon 茶匙
tea ware 茶器
thermos 热水瓶
tea canister 茶罐
tea urn 茶瓮
tea table 茶桌
side table 侧柜
tea bowl 茶碗
spout bowl 有流茶碗

泡茶程序
prepare tea ware 备具
from still to ready position 从静态到动态
prepare water 备水
warm pot 温壶
prepare tea 备茶
recognize tea 识茶
appreciate tea 赏茶
warm pitcher 温盅
put in tea 置茶
smell fragrance 闻香
first infusion 第一道茶
set timer 计时
warm cups 烫杯
pour tea 倒茶
prepare cups 备杯
divide tea 分茶
serve tea by cups 端杯奉茶
second infusion 冲第二道茶
serve tea by pitcher 持盅奉茶
supply snacks or water 供应茶点或品泉
take out brewed leaves 去渣
appreciate leaves 赏叶底
rinse pot 涮壶
return to seat 归位
rinse pitcher 清盅
collect cups 收杯
conclude 结束

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